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Audit of Hunley funds needed says Sea Research Society's Dr. E. Lee Spence
The following documents were referenced in Dr. E. Lee Spence's Sworn Affidavit regarding his discovery of the H.L. Hunley and were attached to it. There are links to photo images of many of the documents and the remainder are being added. (Please note that some explanatory annotations have been edited or added to this list since it was originally filed. This was done solely for the purposes of clarification and ease of use on the web.)
Archeologist Sir Sidney Wignall's letter of March 26, 1975, letter to Spence In the late underwater archeologist Sir Sidney Wignal's letter to Spence of March 26, 1975, marked "Strickly Confidential," Wignal wrote "With reference to the Hunley. I would strongly advise you not to be seen visiting the site. It is possible that others might attempt to pre-empt you when they see where you are diving." Interestingly, several years later Wignal, who was then searching for John Paul Jones' ship (Bon Homme Richard), teamed up with Clive Cussler for NUMA's first expedition. Cussler had contacted Wignal only after Cussler learned from underwater archaeologist Peter Throckmorton that Wignal had already researched and defined a search area for the historic shipwreck. The NUMA expedition failed to locate the ship in that expedition, which was extremely limited in time when compared to all of the targets they were checking out. The following year, Cussler returned to Wignal's search area for another try, but this time without Wignal.
Attorney David P. Horan's letter of July 15, 1980 (Horan had been Mel Fisher's lead attorney in his fight for the Atocha. Horan made the oral arguments in Spence's 1980 court case on the Hunley.)
Attorney George Sink's letter of October 29, 1996, to Senator McConnell Sink was one of the attorneys who represented Spence in his 1980 court claim on the Hunley.
Attorney Richard Robel's letter of September 26, 1996, to Senator McConnell (Robel was the lead attorney for the Columbus Discovery Group's court fight over the wreck of the Central America, and wrote saying that Spence's claim area was relatively small.)
Attorney General Charles M. Condon's letter of September 20, 1995, to Spence This was written a week after Spence donated his rights to the Hunley to the State, with Condon signing the document. Condon writes: "Let me take this opportunity to express my sincere appreciation and profound gratitude for your historic and generous donation to the State of South Carolina of your rights to the submarine H.L. Hunley."
Captain John C. Parker, Jr.'s affidavit of January 23, 1997, re: 1979 magnetometer survey, etc. (Captain Parker actually conducted a magnetometer survey of Spence's area and helped determine the exact positions of the Housatonic, the Hunley, and a piece of wreckage they believed to be an old buoy. Captain Parker now lives at 312 Dogwood Drive, Eutawville, SC 29408. phone 803 492-4141)
Captain Joseph Porcelli's affidavit of January 31, 1997, re: 1970 discovery of Hunley (Spence was a guest aboard Captain Porcelli's fishing vessel Miss Inah, when Spence made his discovery of the Hunley. )
Chart (annotated section: showing plot of the government's 1865 location for the Housatonic) June 3, 1968, edition of USC&GS chart 491 This was the chart Spence used in initial (pre-discovery) search for the Hunley.
Chart (annotated section: showing ranges scaled off a plot of the government's 1865 location for the Housatonic) from June 7, 1976, edition of NOAA chart 11523 This was the chart Spence used in conjunction with his post Hunley discovery magnetometer work relating to the Housatonic. That was done partly to rule out any question that the wreckage he had tentatively (and correctly) identified as the Hunley was simply a boiler from the Housatonic. It was during this time period that he took bearings directly over the remains of the Housatonic and plotted them on a chart. These coordinates appear as "object" on a list of search points (all given in the form of longitude and latitude) comparing them by distance and direction with various charted positions of the Housatonic and with the snag "W.O." found by Captain O'Neal.
Chart (annotated section: circled area and showing sites marked "it" which is the Hunley and "W.O." which is the old Housatonic wreck buoy) November 24, 1979, edition of NOAA chart 11523 (The marks in red pen were made by Dr. Spence in late 1979 or early 1980 while aboard the F/V Walter & Daphne, Captain Walter O'Neal. The penciled marks, including the word "it" were made prior to that boat trip, while those made in red were made at the site.) Copies of this annotated chart were given to Senator McConnell, SCIAA and the Attorney General's office prior to Cussler's location being disclosed to the State.
Chart (annotated section: shows rivit pattern of old Housatonic wreck buoy) November 24, 1979, edition of NOAA chart 11523 This unusual rivet pattern which was sketched in pencil from memory on this chart by Dr. Spence during a discussion he was having at the National Archives with Archivist John VanDerRoot on May 17, 1981. In an effort to record a time line for his discovery, Spence asked VanDerRoot to sign the chart and his signature is in pencil along with the date. The note in blue pen was added by Spence while compiling documents for placement in the affidavit. That annotation incorrectly notes the word "it" as being the snag (Housatonic's old wreck buoy). From a recent review of notes, it is clear that point "It" was a plot of a magnetic bearings and angles taken by Spence and Captain Jack Parker directly over the Hunley's location. A plot of the magnetic bearings taken by Spence the day he found the Hunley in 1970 were used as the coordinates of the center point of Spence's 1974 filing with the United States Army Corps of Engineers. To protect against looters, that center point was shifted slightly for the filing of Spence's salvage claim in Federal District Court. The center point on this chart is the one used in the court filing. The spot identified in Spence's notes as "object" is the wreck of the Housatonic. The point marked "W.O." is the snag shown in Spence's notes as "O'Neal." Both "W.O." and "O'Neal" are simply shortened forms of Captain Walter O'Neal's name. The snag has been tentatively identified by Spence as the remains of an iron buoy which once marked the wreck of the Housatonic.
Clearance from Eastern Sea Frontier, U.S. Navy, May 22, 1974, letter to Spence from Commander (Note: The Commander would not have given this clearance had Spence's map not been precise enough to show where Sea Research Society would be salvaging the Hunley.)
Clearance from U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, May 10, 1974, letter to Spence from District Engineer This clearance was furnished to Spence only after he complied with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' request that Sea Research Society pinpoint the Hunley's location on a map. The Corps was obviously satisfied with the degree of accuracy represented in Spence's map or they would not have issued the clearance.
David Foster, CEO, American Underwater Contractors, letter of January 3, 1997, to Senator McConnell
Dr. Hugh Myrick's sworn affidavit of January 28, 1997 attesting that in 1994/1995, he, Dr. Steve Swavely, Mike Freeman, Pete Petrone, and several others were planning an expedition with Spence to photograph the Hunley, and that Spence had described it to him as located near the Housatonic, in 27' of water. He also says that Spence told his it was buried when he last checked the spot in 1979 (that last point is extremely important because it shows that Spence was not confusing it with the sunken buoy, as that object stuck two feet out of the sand in 1979).
Dr. Mark Newell's letter of January 23, 1997, to Spence (Newell page one, Newell page two), in which Newell writes of being told by his supervisor at SCIAA (the South Carolina Institute of Archaeology & Anthropology) "not to prepare any documents or memorandums that might lend credibility to your claim that you had discovered the CSS H.L. Hunley. I was told that to do so would result in the termination of my post." and that his supervisor's replacement "persisted in this policy, even to the extent of attempting to destroy extensive file box holdings on your work in general and the Hunley in particular." Dr. Newell was listed in NUMA's original press release on their "discovery" as the director of the project. Now that the Hunley has been raised and there is no need to keep the location secret and Newell credits Spence with the actual discovery, Newell agrees that what his team did was to rediscover the wreck. Newell's number is (706) 364-0923 and his email address is mmnewell@Yahoo.com.
Dr. Roland Young's letter of January 10, 1997, to Senator McConnell
J. Troy Clanton, III's affidavit of December 18, 1996, re: 1970 discovery of Hunley (Clanton's notarized statement that he was aboard the fishing vessel Miss Inah, Captain Joe Porcelli, in the fall of 1970, when Spence came up from clearing a blackfish trap from an obstruction on the bottom and excitedly announced that he had found the Hunley.)
Map A, showing plots of various reported positions for Hunley and Housatonic
Map B, showing plots of various reported positions for Hunley and Housatonic
Mrs. Inez P. Freeman's letter of December 20, 1996, to Senator McConnell
Museum Director Wayne Strickland's letter of January 23, 1997, to Spence
Professional Engineer David McGehee's "To Whom It May Concern" letter of January 7, 1997
Remote detection expert Jack Fisher's undated letter to Spence (circa December `96 or January `97)
SCE&G Senior VP Allan Mustard's letter of July 1, 1975, to Senator Hollings
Scientist Greg A. Hawley's letter of October 4, 1996, to Senator McConnell
SCV member Don M. Clanton's letter of December 30, 1996, to Senator McConnell
Shipwreck expert Dan Berg's letter of October 30, 1996, to Senator McConnell
Shipwreck expert Gary Gentile's letter of October 7, 1996, to Senator McConnell
Shipwreck salvor John Brandon's "To Whom it May Concern" letter of December 19, 1996
Shipwreck salvor John Lawrence's letter of October 14, 1996, to Senator McConnell
Shipwreck salvor Randy Lathrop's letter of November 7, 1996, to Senator McConnell
Spence's letter of August 2, 1975, to Ron Brinson, Office of the Governor of S.C.
Spence's letter of May 6, 1974, letter to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and attached map Copies of this map were sent to numerous government officials including those with SCIAA, NPS, GSA, Senate, Congress, etc. The map shows a circle centered on Spence's original coordinates for the Hunley. Some error, which would still be relatively small, would be due to the fact that the coordinates were scaled from a plot of magnetic bearings taken by Spence in 1970 from Captain Porcelli's vessel Miss Inah, which, although anchored near the Hunley, was not located directly over it. The center point is still close enough to the recovery site, to make it clear that Spence had definitely found the Hunley.)
The following documents were attached to, but were not referenced in Dr. Spence's affidavit
Admiral Edwin B. Hooper's letter of July 2, 1975, to Spence
August 14, 1975, letter to Spence from Governor Edward's aid, J. Drake Edens, Jr.
"Clive Cussler Lied" news item in Vol. 3, #3 of Wreck Diver magazine
Clyde M. Dangerfield's letter of June 24, 1975, to GSA
Douglas Piehl's letter of December 2, 1996, to Senator McConnell
Dr. Hamrick's letter of June 16, 1975, to Spence
Governor George C. Wallace's letter of June 17, 1975, to Spence
Governor George C. Wallace's letter of June 26, 1975, to Spence
Governor James Edwards' letter of June 20, 1975, to Joseph P. Riley
GSA, Sales Division Director Charles Benner's letter of June 23, 1975, to Spence
Historian Emeritus N.P.S. Edwin C. Bearss' letter of March 11, 1974, to Spence
Hugh C. Lane's letter of June 16, 1975, to GSA
Joseph P. Riley Jr.'s (attorney) letter of July 28, 1975, to GSA
Joseph P. Riley, Jr.'s (Mayor, City of Charleston) letter of July 26, 1995, to Spence
Member of Congress Floyd D. Spence's letter of July 30, 1975, to Spence
Member of Congress Floyd D. Spence's letter of June 25, 1975, to Spence
Member of Congress Mendel J. Davis' letter of July 14, 1975, to Spence
Member of Congress Mendel J. Davis' letter of June 17, 1975, to Spence
notes circa 1971/1972: believed to be Douglas' or McGehee's handwriting, re: mag search targets
notes circa 1979/1980: 4 sheets torn from spiral type steno pad in Spence's & Parker's handwriting (ranges with scaled and observed magnetic bearings, first page, second page, third page, fourth page)
NPS Superintendent William A. Harris' letter of June 16, 1975, to Spence
Ray C. Lunsford's letter of November 25, 1996, to Senator McConnell
Richard Rogers, Sandwich Island Shipwreck Museum, letter dated December 29, 1996
Salvaging Hunley Clues news item in May 11, 1996, issue of Charleston "Post & Courier" quoting Cussler's admission that he lied about the depth (and thus the location).
SC Attorney General Daniel R. McLeod's letter of September 16, 1974, to Spence
Senator Floyd Spence's letter of November 21, 1995, to Spence
Senator Fritz Hollings' letter of July 2, 1975, to Spence
Senator Strom Thurmond's letter of July 7, 1995, to Spence
Senator Ted Kennedy's letter of July 2, 1975, to Spence
Spence vindicated news item in May 14, 1996, issue of Charleston "Post & Courier"
State Representative Harry M. Hallman's letter of September 18, 1995, to Spence saying: "I wanted to thank you .....for your generosity.........The fact that you have signed over your interest."
State Senator Ernie Passailaigue's letter of September 21, 1995, to Spence saying "I wanted to personally thank you........Your action facilitates the day that our dreams will be reality."
State Senator Glenn F. McConnell's letter of September 21, 1995, to Spence saying "Please accept my congratulations and gratitude for the conveyance of your interest in the H.L. Hunley to the State of South Carolina." and "The Commission is counting on your continued assistance.
White House letter of July 8, 1975, to Spence
-end of list of attachments-
Letters & Documents added as supplemental
Letter dated Jan. 30, 1974, from Charleston Mayor Palmer Gilliard saying the city supports Spence's proposed Hunley salvage
Spence's letter of April 1, 1997, to Senator McConnell requesting clarification, a rehearing and that the Commission reconsider its decision and citing specific legal errors and failures of Commission to comply with State laws when having the hearing. (Page one; Page Two)
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